Chemistry Project to Study the Constituents of an Alloy

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Study Of Constituents Of An Alloy

CHEMISTRY PROJECT

AIM- Study Of Constituents Of An Alloy

N3m0 —Souradip Sen

Board roll no- 5664184

Contents

PAGE NO

  1. Acknowledgement                                                                        3/13
  2. Introduction                                                                                                            4/13
  3. Aim of the experiment                                                      5/13

a- General objective b- Specific objective

  1. Materials Required                                                                      6/13
  2. Theory                                                                                                                                    7/13
    1. Details of procedure and 9/13 Observations
    2. Conclusion                                                                                                        12/13
    3. Bibliography                                                                                                  13/13
    4. Signature                                                                                                                13/13

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I, Souradip Sen of class XLL -C express my gratitude to my school authorities for allowing me to undertake the project titled

Alloy    Analysis I naturally could not have done justice to my delicate assignment, had I not been privileged to get the animate guidance from Mr.T.N.Dey, Chemistry teacher of      Deepika E.M School.

I also express sincere thanks to my family who extended helping hand in completing this project.

Souradip Sen

fitudent        Internal External

Examiner Examiner

Introduction

An alloy is a homogeneous mixture of two or more metals or a metal and non-metal.

They are generally harder than their components with reduced malleability and ductility. Alloys are prepared to enhance certain characteristics of the constituent metals, as per requirement.

In this project, we shall qualitatively anayze the chemical composition of two alloys:

J$rass and J$ronze

Aim of the Experiment

General objective:

This project is being carried out with a view to increase the appreciation of alloy-analysis as an important branch of chemistry. The hands-on laboratory experience gained is highly beneficial in understanding the general procedure of qualitative analysis of an unknown sample.

Specific objective:

In this project, we shall be analyzing the constituents of Brass and Bronze.

MATERIALS REQUIRED

1) BRASS AND BRONZE PIECES

2) china dishes

3))   FILTRATION APPARATUS

4) NITRIC ACID

5) HYDROGEN SULPHIDE GAS

7))   AMMONIUM CHLORIDE

8))   POTASSIUM FERROCYANIIDE

9) AMMONIUM SULPHIDE

10) DIL HYDROCHLORIC ACID

Theory

Brass

Brass contains Cu and Zn . Both dissolve in nitric acid.

4Zn+ 10 HNO3= 4Zn{NO)i + N2O + 5HO 3Cu + 8 HNO3= 3Cu(NO3)2 + 4HO+2NO

Further analysis is carried out for respective ions.

Cu dissolves in H2S to give black ppt. of CuS. It is filtered to get the soln of Zinc Sulphide. It precipitates out in the form of ZnCl2 in an ammoniacal soln. of Ammonium chloride. The precipitate is dissolved in dilute HCl and then treated with Potassium ferrocyanide to get a bluish-white ppt. of Zn2[Fe(CN)6].

Bronze

Bronze contains Cu and Sn. Their nitrates are obtained by dissolving the sample in conc. Nitric acid. The nitrates are precipitated as sulphides by passing H2S through their solution in dil. HCl.

The CuS is insoluble in yellow ammonium sulphide, while SnS is soluble. The ppt. is separated by filtration.

The ppt. is dissolved in cone HNO3 and then Ammonium hydroxide solution is passed through it.Blue colouration confirms the presense of Cu.

The filtrate is treated with conc. HCl followed by Zinc dust to obtain SnCl2 . Then HgCl2 solution is added. Formation of slate-coloured ppt. indicates the presence of Sn.

SnS2 +HCl(conc)= SnCh + H2S

SnCl4 +Fe= SnCh+FeCh

SnCl2 + HgCl2 = Hg2Cl2 + SnCh

Detail of Procedure/Observations Brass,:

  1. 1. A small piece of brass was placed in a china dish and dissolved in minimum quantity of 50%conc.1¥UOs.
  2. 2. The soln. was heated to obtain a dry residue. The residue was dissolved in Dilute H(?l.

gas was passed and a black.ppt. was (observed. The soln. was filtered and the ppt. was dissolved in NH4OH soln. A blue coloration observed indicates the presence of Cu. 4.   The filtrate was tested for presence of Zn.

Ammonium hydroxide and chloride solutions were added and then H2S gas was passed. A dull grey ppt. was separated and dissolved in dil. H(£l followed by addition of Potassium

ferrocyanide. A bluish white ppt. confirms the presense of Zn.

Bronfe:

  1. 1. The sample was dissolved in 50% HNO3 and then heated to obtain nitrates.
  2. 2. The nitrates were dissolved in dil. H(£l and then precipitated as sulphides by passing H2S

gas.

  1. 3. The precipitates were treated with yellow amm.sulphide when a part of it dissolves. The soln. was filtered.
  2. 4. The ppt. was tested for Cu as in the case of

brass.

5. The filtrate was treated with conc.

HCl followed

by Fe dust.

6. Then HgCl2 soln. was added. Formation of a slate-coloured ppt. confirmed the presence of Sn.

Conclusion

Brass contains Copper and

Bronze contains Copper and Tin.

Bibliography

  1. 1. Comprehensive practical Chemistry- Class 12.

2. Inorganic Chemistry by

3. www.niton.com

  1. 4. VMw.alloyanalyzer.niit.edu

Signatures:

fitudeni Internal External

Examiner Examiner


CHEMISTRY PROJECT AIM- Study Of Constituents Of An Alloy Name –Souradip Sen Board roll no- 5664184 Contents PAGE NO 1. Acknowledgement 3/13 2. Introduction 4/13 3. Aim of the experiment 5/13 a- General objective b- Specific objective 4. Materials Required 6/13 5. Theory 7/13 6. Details of procedure and 9/13 Observations 7. Conclusion 12/13 8. Bibliography 13/13 9. Signature 13/13 Acknowledgement I, Souradip Sen of class XLL –C express my gratitude to my school authorities for allowing me to undertake the project titled Alloy Analysis I naturally could not have done justice to my delicate assignment, had I not been privileged to get the animate guidance from Mr.T.N.Dey, Chemistry teacher of Deepika E.M School. I also express sincere thanks to my family who extended helping hand in completing this project. Souradip Sen Signatures: Student Internal External Examiner Examiner Introduction An alloy is a homogeneous mixture of two or more metals or a metal and non-metal. They are generally harder than their components with reduced malleability and ductility. Alloys are prepared to enhance certain characteristics of the constituent metals, as per requirement. In this project, we shall qualitatively analyze the chemical composition of two alloys: Brass and Bronze Aim of the Experiment General objective: This project is being carried out with a view to increase the appreciation of alloy- analysis as an important branch of chemistry. The hands-on laboratory experience gained is highly beneficial in understanding the general procedure of qualitative analysis of an unknown sample. Specific objective: In this project, we shall be analyzing the constituents of Brass and Bronze. Materials Required 1) Brass and Bronze pieces 2) China dishes 3) Filtration apparatus 4) Nitric acid 5) Hydrogen sulphide gas 6) Ammonium hydroxide 7) Ammonium chloride 8) Potassium ferrocyanide 9) Ammonium sulphide 10) Dil hydrochloric acid 11) Mercuric chloride Theory Brass Brass contains Cu and Zn . Both dissolve in nitric acid. 4Zn+ 10 HNO3 = 4Zn(NO3 )2 + N2 O + 5H2 O 3Cu + 8 HNO3 = 3Cu(NO3 )2 + 4H2 O+2NO Further analysis is carried out for respective ions. Cu dissolves in H2 S to give black ppt. of CuS. It is filtered to get the soln of Zinc Sulphide. It precipitates out in the form of ZnCl2 in an ammoniacal soln. of Ammonium chloride. The precipitate is dissolved in dilute HCl and then treated with Potassium ferrocyanide to get a bluish- white ppt. of Zn2 [Fe(CN)6 ]. Bronze Bronze contains Cu and Sn. Their nitrates are obtained by dissolving the sample in conc. Nitric acid. The nitrates are precipitated as sulphides by passing H2 S through their solution in dil. HCl. The CuS is insoluble in yellow ammonium sulphide, while SnS is soluble. The ppt. is separated by filtration. The ppt. is dissolved in conc. HNO3 and then Ammonium hydroxide solution is passed through it.Blue colouration confirms the presense of Cu. The filtrate is treated with conc. HCl followed by Zinc dust to obtain SnCl2 . Then HgCl2 solution is added. Formation of slate-coloured ppt. indicates the presence of Sn. SnS2 +HCl(conc.) = SnCl4 + H2 S SnCl4 +Fe= SnCl2 +FeCl2 SnCl2 + HgCl2 = Hg2 Cl2 + SnCl4 Detail of Procedure/Observations Brass: 1. A small piece of brass was placed in a china dish and dissolved in minimum quantity of 50%conc.HNO3 . 2. The soln. was heated to obtain a dry residue. The residue was dissolved in Dilute HCl. 3. H2 S gas was passed and a black.ppt. was observed. The soln. was filtered and the ppt. was dissolved in NH4 OH soln. A blue coloration observed indicates the presence of Cu. 4. The filtrate was tested for presence of Zn. Ammonium hydroxide and chloride solutions were added and then H2 S gas was passed. A dull grey ppt. was separated and dissolved in dil. HCl followed by addition of Potassium ferrocyanide. A bluish white ppt. confirms the presense of Zn. Bronze: 1. The sample was dissolved in 50% HNO3 and then heated to obtain nitrates. 2. The nitrates were dissolved in dil. HCl and then precipitated as sulphides by passing H2 S gas. 3. The precipitates were treated with yellow amm.sulphide when a part of it dissolves. The soln. was filtered. 4. The ppt. was tested for Cu as in the case of brass. 5. The filtrate was treated with conc. HCl followed by Fe dust. 6. Then HgCl2 soln. was added. Formation of a slate-coloured ppt. confirmed the presence of Sn. Conclusion Brass contains Copper and Zinc. Bronze contains Copper and Tin. Bibliography 1. Comprehensive Practical Chemistry- Class 12. 2. Inorganic Chemistry by J.D.Lee. Signatures: Student Internal External Examiner Examiner

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