New Education Policy 2019 draft proposes to hold board exams twice in a year on the lines of the semester system. NEP recommends replacing 10+ 2 system with the subject wise ‘flexible’ assessments anytime between class 9 and 12, ‘evaluations’ for class 3,5 and 8 in order to track the student’s performance all through the school and deregulating higher education to permit the students to opt and exit from the courses. These courses can be resumed later in any public or private institutes.
This means that 10+ 2 system will be replaced by 5+3+3+4 format where five years of the foundation includes pre-primary and classes 1 and 2), three years of Preparatory, three years of Middle and four years of Secondary stage. This further implies that all the students in class 3, 5 and 8 will be tested on basic concepts, knowledge and high order skills. The secondary stage will be divided into two semesters. Each student will have to take five or six subjects in each semester.
To remove the harmful effects of high pressured board or entrance examinations, the committee intends to restructure it into a flexible/modular system which will allow students to take the board examination in each subject at the end of the semester. The students may take 24 subjects board examination or on an average three a semester instead of final examinations.
The draft also recommends the compulsory imposition of Hindi and English in Non-Hindi speaking states and third language for Hindi speaking states. But after the strong protests from the political parties like DMK and AIDMK in Tamilnadu, the centre has revised the controversial paragraph from the draft of National Education Policy. This situation has forced to clarify things from the central government in the form of a tweet coming from newly appointed external affairs Mr S. Jayashankar that all the state governments will be consulted before taking the final decision. He has categorically stated that Govt. of India respects all the languages and no language will be imposed.
In reply to a question by a Newspaper Journalist regarding the need for new education Policy, Mr Kasturigan put emphasis on the holistic development of the students which this education policy aims to achieve. This is also to be done keeping in view of the better understanding of the different aspects of education which is science, technology, economic, political and social system.
It is important to mention here that the last time India had an Education Policy way back in 1986 and it has become absolutely necessary to have a fresh look in this arena where the quality of education has been improving all over the world.
New Education Policy also suggests that even our higher education system should be under a single regulator which will be called National Higher Education Regulatory Authority (NHERA). The University grants commission is to become a grant providing body like All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and Medical Council of India (MCI) and should be evolved as a professional body in itself.
The committee also looks to improvise on the undergraduate courses move to three or four-year affair with multiple options exit allowing the students to go for an advanced diploma in a particular discipline after finishing two years of study or a diploma after one year.
Two year programme with the second year totally devoted to the research has been suggested in an integrated five year Bachelor/Master programme making the master programmes more meaningful and giving encouragement to the research-based activities. Keeping the same pattern the committee suggested that institutes will be able to offer PHD with either a master’s degree or four-year bachelor degree with research.
This is a draft of New Education Policy which has been submitted to the Union HRD Ministry and is open to the public scrutiny now. This is not a policy announced by the Government. This was also tweeted by Mr R. Subrhramanyam, Secretary Department of Higher Education.
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