The UGC or University Grants Commission is considered the apex body of higher education in India. Modelled after University Grants Committee of the British government, it was formed in 1953 to determine the standards of higher education in India. With its headquarters in Delhi, it is the senior most body for recognising colleges and universities.
First formed in 1945 to precede over the functions of the Central universities in Aligarh, Banaras and Delhi, it became a statutory body upon the passing of the "University Grants Commission Act, 1956" by the Indian Parliament under Ministry of Human Resource Development. Since then, it has been overseeing affiliations of Central, State, Private and Deemed universities. There have been propositions in recent years that involve absorption of the UGC (and other related bodies) by the Ministry of Human Resource Development such as in 2009 in favour for a higher body called National Commission for Higher Education & Research (NCHER). Furthermore, in 2018, the Ministry announced its plans to dissolve the UGC and form a new Higher Education Commission of India (HECI). However, for now, the UGC still enjoys authority over many other governing bodies of the State and with the motto of “Knowledge Liberates”, it resides over many bodies like ICAR, MCI, and the SCHE, and the NIRF (National Institutional of Ranking Framework) which ranks all educational institutions in India.
The University Grants Commission (UGC) has its foundations in the University Grants Committee, which was established in the year 1945 on the proposal of Sargent Report. To screen crafted by three Central Universities of the nation Aligarh, Banaras and Delhi.
Be that as it may, following two years, the council was given the charge of all the current colleges in the nation. It was officially introduced by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the Minister of Education, Natural Resources and Scientific Research, on 28 December 1953.
The University Grants Commission is a statutory association built up by an Act of Parliament in 1956 for the coordination, assurance and support of benchmarks of college instruction. Aside from giving awards to qualified colleges and universities, the Commission likewise prompts the Central and State Governments on the measures which are important for the advancement of Higher Education. It capacities from New Delhi just as its six Regional workplaces situated in Bangalore, Bhopal, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Kolkata and Pune.
This association goes under the Higher Education Department. The principle point and job of UGC in advanced education is to give assets to colleges and organize, decide and keep up the morals in foundations of advanced education. Executive of UGC is Dhirendra Pal Singh.
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