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IELTS Preparation Guide in India

The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) was introduced in 1989 to help universities and colleges judge the English skills of candidates wishing to study or train in the English language. It continues to be used for this
purpose and is also used as a general test of English for immigration and employment in many countries.

Candidates for IELTS exam must choose to appear for either the Academic or the General Training IELTS test.

The Academic IELTS test is for individuals who plan to study in English at university (undergraduate or postgraduate level), and is designed to test the understanding and use of complex academic language.

The General Training IELTS test is suitable for individuals requiring a more general level of English proficiency for college, high school, employment or immigration purposes.

There is no pass or fail in IELTS. Scores are graded on the 9-band system. Each educational institution or organisation sets its own level of IELTS scores to meet its individual requirements.

The IELTS test is divided into four sections: Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking.

Candidates may sit the IELTS test as many times as they wish, and from 1 May 2006 do not need to wait 90 days before taking it again. However, it should be understood that the average learner requires approximately 400 hours of instruction and study to progress just one band level in IELTS.

Before sitting the test it is important and helpful to:

  1. Familiarise yourself with the test FORMAT.
  2. Improve your TEST skills with practice tests.
  3. USE your English skills every day

Many candidates enroll in an IELTS Preparation Course at a language school to help them prepare fully for the test.
Combined with independent study, and daily practice using the English language, a preparation course will help candidates achieve their target band score.




  • Practising all question types
  • Recognising intonation patterns (questions, surprise etc)
  • Varieties of spoken English, including Australian, British, North American and New Zealand
  • Listening for specific information, keywords, general information, numbers, transition signals and discourse markers (firstly, secondly, obviously, furthermore, indeed]


  • Practising all question types
  • Skimming (to get a general understanding)
  • Scanning (looking for specific information)
  • Developing vocabulary
  • Summarising
  • Determining the writer’s attitude and opinion


  • Practising all question types
  • Adjusting style according to purpose
  • Writing paragraphs, introductions and conclusions
  • Using conjunctions and referents
  • Organising information logically within a text
  • Using examples and evidence to support an argument


  • Practising all question types
  • Practising pronunciation and intonation
  • Practising fluency
  • Using and understanding common phrases
  • Interacting with other speakers
  • Speaking for an extended time on a particular topic
  • Discussing that topic


IELTS Preparation Video