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Medical Courses in India

1. M. B. B. S. (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery): MBBS is the medical degree awarded in many countries like UK, India. MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery.

DURATION: 5.5 years

2. B. D. S. (Bachelor of Dental Surgery): Bachelor of Dental Surgery ( B.D.S ) is a first professional degree programme in dentistry.

DURATION: 4 years

3. B. H. M. S. (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery): The Homeopathic Education in India is presently regulated by the National Institute of Homeopathy.Applicant should have passed HSC Exam from Statutory Board/University in India or equivalence.

DURATION: 5.5 years

4. B. A. M. S. (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery): This degree is awarded to those students who have studied ayurveda system of medicine in India. The Ayurvedic Education in India is presently regulated by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM).

DURATION: 5.5 years

5. M.D. (Doctor of Medicine): This degree is awarded to Physicians.Doctors possessing M.B.B.S. degree are eligible to for this course.

DURATION: 3 years

6. M.S. (Master of Surgery): This degree is awarded to doctors who are doing masters in Surgery.Doctors possessing M.B.B.S. degree are eligible to for this course.

DURATION: 3 years

7. D.M : This is a doctrate degree awarded by many universities in US and is equivalent to a PhD degree. Doctors possessing M.D. degree are eligible to for this course.

DURATION: 2-3 years

8. M.Ch.: The M.Ch degree is the highest degree under the faculty of medicine. Applicant should have M.S. degree to be eligible for M.Ch.

DURATION: 2 years

9. B.Pharma (Bachelor of Pharmacy) : Applicant must pass with at least 50% marks in Pre University Course with biology/mathematics as one of the compulsory subjects, or DPharma (Diploma in Pharmacy).

DURATION: 4 years


10.B.Sc Nursing : In order to eligible you must pass 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology with a minimum of 45% aggregate marks.The goal of B.Sc. Nursing programme is to prepare nurses who are able function efficiently and effectively, as a member of health care team and who is qualified to meet the nursing needs of the people in the society
DURATION: 4 years


11.B.P.T (Physiotherapy) :Applicant must pass in 12th class or equivalent with a minimum aggregate percentage of 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology.He/She should pass in english subject also.

DURATION: 4.5 years

12.B.O.T (Occupational Therapy) : It is a 3 year program.In order to eligible you must pass 10+2 with PCB (physics, chemistry and biology). Some institutions may opt for an entrance examination and may select candidates on the basis of performance in the entrance test.

DURATION: 3 years

13.B.U.M.S(Unani Medicine) : Candidate aspiring for B.U.M.S. course must have passed Intermediate (10 + 2) with Physics, Chemistry & Biology. Urdu is compulsory up to 10th class or equivalent Education.Candidate must have attain minimum 17 years of age as on 31st December of the responding year.
DURATION: 5.5 years

14.Optometry : Optometry is a science that is associated with structure, working and function of human eye. EYECET examination is necessary to pass to go for B. Optom Degree.
DURATION: 2 years

15.Ophthalmic Assistant Course : An ophthalmic assistant is a person who works with an ophthalmologist (eye doctor) to provide patient care by performing many different eye-related clinical functions.You should have a high school diploma or equivalent.Typical salaries for ophthalmic assistants range from $30,000 to $70,000.

DURATION: 2 years

16.Histopathological Lab Technology : Management and planning of the laboratory records.Care and maintenance of laboratory instruments in general. Collection of specimens for laboratory investigations, the importance and significance of laboratory investigations.Laboratory management and planning, receiving and recording of specimens, indexing, maintaining records.
DURATION: 1 year

17.D. Pharma(Ayurvedic, Siddha Medicine) : Pharmacy is a health profession that relates the health sciences with the chemical sciences. Candidates who have cleared the 12th class exams with physics, maths, chemistry or physics, maths and biology can apply for D.Pharma.
DURATION: 2 year

18.Lab Technicians : Aspirants of medical laboratory technology can take up courses both at diploma and undergraduate level. The B.Sc. programme in medical laboratory technology is offered by different medical colleges/institutions across the country.Lab technicians needs 10+2 as the eligibility
DURATION: 1 year

19.Sanitary Inspector Course : The sanitary inspector is a health specialist, who is responsible for the execution of sanitary control in the state in various fields.A candidate should clear the Class X as well as Class XII board exams and science should be one of the subjects.
DURATION: 1 year

20.General Nursing Training Course : This course trains an individual to take good care of the patients. Applicant should atleast clear 10+2 board examinations with Physics, Chemistry and Biology.The candidate should be at least 17 years of age.
DURATION: 3.5 years


21. Dental Mechanic Course : This course aims to facilitate students to understand and gain knowledge of working with various Dental Materials on the impressions made for the oral rehabilitation of the patient. This work is done in dental laboratory in the absence of the patient. The Candidate should have passed the higher secondary school examination or its equivalent (12 years schooling certificate) with not less than 50 per cent marks in English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology taken together or any other equivalent examination of any other country duly recognised.

DURATION: 2 years
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22.Dental Hygienist Course :
 This course aims to facilitate students to understand and gain knowledge of working as a chairside assistant who does oral prophylaxis, give instruction in oral hygiene and preventive dentistry but work under supervision of Dental Surgeon. The Candidate should have passed the higher secondary school examination or its equivalent (12 years schooling certificate) with not less than 50 per cent marks in English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology taken together or any other equivalent examination of any other country duly recognised.
DURATION: 2 years

23.Bachelor of Occupational therapy : Occupational therapy is the use of productive activity in the rehabilitation or treatment of physically or emotionally challenged people.Student seeing admissions to colleges and universities offering  Bachelor of Occupational Therapy have to pass the 10+2 examination with Chemistry, Physics and Biology.
DURATION: 3 years

24.Radiological Assistant : Radiology assistants assist radiologists by by doing some radiologic procedures. Candidates must have a Bachelor of Science in Radiology Assistance, Master of Science in Radiology Assistance or a Radiologist Assistant Post-Baccalaureate Certificate. Radiologist assistants can expect to earn between $80,000 and $100,000 a year
DURATION: 1 year

25.Radiography [Diagnosis & Therapy] : Six out of ten patients who receive radiotherapy treatment for cancer are cured.British radiographers are recognised as being among them the best in the world.A radiography degree is a passport to a job. Radiography students pay no tuition fees and you can qualify for an NHS bursary.
DURATION: 2 years

26.Nuclear Medicine Technology : The Nuclear Medicine Technologist assists the physician when radioactive materials are used in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Graduates may earn a bachelor’s degree, associate degree, or a certificate.$48,750 was the median annual income of all nuclear medicine technologists in 2002
DURATION: 2 years