Formal training is useful and advisable for a career in vocal or instrumental music. However, it is not unusual for many of the popular performers to be self-taught or trained under the Gurukul/Gharana system.
Formal programmes are usually diploma or bachelor of music courses after class X and XII (10+2). This can be followed by a Master’s degree in many universities.
BA Music/BMus also referred to as BFA (Music) or BPA (Music) is the Bachelor’s degree offered to students completing class XII in any discipline. BMus is the right qualification for formal positions of music teachers in schools and other educational institutions.
MA Music/MMus also referred to as MFA (Music) or MPA (Music) (vocal/instrumental) can follow the Bachelor’s degree courses mentioned above. Master’s degree is useful for teaching and training options at the college level.
The school of music in India may be Hindustani or Carnatic. More than 40 universities in the country offer formal training programmes in music.
• Department of Music, University of Delhi (www.du.ac.in/showcourses.html?department_i d=Music)
• Shriram Bharatiya Kala Kendra, 1 Copernicus Marg, New Delhi-110001
• Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (www.bhu.ac.in)
• Bhatkhande Music Institute Deemed University, Lucknow ( w w w. b h a t k h a n d e m u s i c . e d u . i n / p a ge s / home.asp)
• Akhil Bharatiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal, Sangli (www.gandharvamandal.org)
• Gandharva Mahavidyalaya, New Delhi
• ASPM’s Sawai Gandharva Sangeet Mahavidyalaya, Sawai Gandharva Smarak, Pune (www.sawaigandharvamusicfestival.com)
• Indira Kala Sangit Vishwavidyalaya (www.iksvv.com) Khairagarh
• Sangit-Bhavana, Visva Bharati, Santiniketan (www.visva-bharati.ac.in)
• Jagadguru Rambhadracharya Handicapped University, Chitrakoot (UP)
• Rabindra Bharati University, Kolkata
• Trinity College London (www.trinitycollege.co.uk/site/?id=809) has been offering music examinations in India for over 100 years, and at centres from all over the country.
Careers in sound/ audio engineering are also related to the music industry. An engineering degree in audio engineering/sound recording or electronics/allied branches would be useful. However, graduates with a background in physics at the Bachelor’s degree or at least class XII level may take up postgraduate programmes in sound recording and engineering at prominent film schools.
Mass communication or business administration courses would be useful for production/ advertising/allied work related to music. Typical careers in music are in teaching, performing, composing, recording and arranging. A background of education in psychology or special education would help in applying music to therapy and to position oneself as a music therapist. Specialised music therapy courses are not offered in Indian universities. However, research in music therapy by musicologists and psychologists, and even medical professionals is being pursued in some universities.
• Film & Television Institute of India, Pune (www.ftiindia.com)
• Satyajit Ray Film & Television Institute of India Kolkata (www.srfti.gov.in)
• Whistling Woods International Mumbai
• Asian Academy of Film & Television, Noida (www.aaft.com)
• School of Audio Engineering (www.saeindia.net)
• Indian Institute of Mass Communication, New Delhi (www.iimc.gov.in)
• Campus of Open Learning (col.du.ac.in), University of Delhi, in association with industry training partner RK Films & Media Academy (www.rkfma.com)
• Institute for Media Studies and Information Technology, New Delhi
• AAFT Noida (www.aaft.com)
Scholarships for advance training in music and dance by the Sahitya Kala Parishad, Academy of Music, Dance, Drama and Fine Arts, 18-A Satsang Vihar Marg, Spl Institutional Area, New Delhi-110067, are offered for a period of two years for advance training in the field of classical music, dance and other rare forms to residents of NCT of Delhi between 18-25 years of age.
Scholarships to young artists in different cultural fields in Indian Classical Music (Classical Hindustani Music (Vocal and Instrumental) Classical Carnatic Music (Vocal & Instrumental etc) and Light Classical Music (a) Thumri, Dadra, Tappa, Qawali, Ghazal (b) Light Classical music based on Carnatic Style etc and (c) Rabindra Sangeet, Nazrul Geeti, Atulprasad by the Culture ministry of, Government of India. (indiaculture.nic.in/indiaculture/youngwrks.htm)
The Cultural Talent Search Scholarship (CCRT) Scheme is meant for developing the talent of young children in various cultural fields such as traditional forms of music, dance, drama, painting, sculpture and crafts laying special emphasis on rare art forms, which are in the process of becoming extinct. The scholarship is awarded by the Centre for Cultural Resources and Training, New Delhi, www.ccrtindia.gov.in, offered initially for two years at a time and renewable after every two years till the completion of the first University degree stage of education or upto the age of 20 years, whichever is earlier, subject to the awardee maintaining good progress. 500 scholarships are awarded every year at national level. Minimum three years’ training in the field of art form in which scholarship is being applied, either with a guru or in an institution is essential.