World Population Day
Event: World Population Day
Theme: Everyone Counts
Population in India: 1,139,964,932 (2008) Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators
World Population: 6,697,254,041 (2008) Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators
Date: July 11, 2010
Motive: To raise awareness of global population issues.
Official Website: http://www.unfpa.org/public/world-population-day
The theme of this year’s World Population Day is “Everyone counts”. To be counted is to become visible. This is especially important for women and young people. Data that is sorted by gender and age can foster increased responsiveness by national decision-makers to the rights and needs of women and youth and help build a more equitable and prosperous society.
In Asia, when censuses and surveys identified sex-ratio imbalances and missing girls, governments responded, the media reported extensively on the disturbing trends and people were rallied to action.
Data can reveal striking situations in countries. Girls may be delaying marriage, an indigenous population may be drastically under-served, and higher rates of contraceptive use and skilled birth attendance may show progress towards improving maternal health, which is one of the Millennium Development Goals. Censuses, surveys and vital statistics provide critical data to guide plans, policies and programmes to meet people’s needs and improve their lives. This data is crucial as we strive for universal access to education, HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, and reproductive health and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
The event, established by the United Nations Development Programme in 1989, seeks an increased public awareness of population issues like importance of family planning, gender equality, poverty, maternal health, sexual and reproductive health, and human rights which have a serious impact on the world’s development and environment.
- Total population (000): 1,181,4 1 2 ( 2008)
- Total under-five population (000): 126,64 2 ( 2008)
- Births (000): 26,91 3 ( 2008)
- Birth registration (%): 41 (2006)
- Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births): 69 ( 2008)
- Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births): 52 ( 2008)
- Neonatal mortality rate (per 1000 live births): 37 ( 2008)
- Total under-five deaths (000): 1,830 (2008)
- Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 450 (2005)
Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in N): 70 (2005)
- Total maternal deaths: 117,000 (2005)
The World population is estimated to be around 6.8 billion by end of June 2010 as against 5 billion in July 1987. At the current rate of growth in population, the number of people in the world is likely to reach 7 billion by October 2012, according to analysts. The population in India has increased more than three times from 350 million in 1947 to 1.15 billion in 2010. As per Report of the Working Group on Population Stabilization – 11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012), Indian population is expected to overtake that of China by the year 2030 and the country will be the largest in the world with an estimated population of around 1.53 billion. The annual growth rate of population in India has fallen from 2.14 during the decade (1981-1991) to 1.93 during the decade (1991-2001), according to the population census data released by the Registrar General of India. (Population projections upto the year 2026 were done by a Technical Group constituted by the National Commission on Population and according to these estimates, the population of India in 2026 is expected to be around 1.40 billion.)
Sex Ratio & Girl Child
The Ministry of Women and Child Development is implementing the scheme of “Dhanalakshmi” as a pilot programme to provide a set of staggered financial incentives for families to encourage them to retain the girl child. The Government has also declared 24th of January every year as a “National Child Day” to bring to centre-stage the problems faced by the girl child and create national awareness. The Government has also taken several measures to improve the sex ratio at birth in the country. During the 1991 Census, sex ratio in the country was 927 females per one thousand males, which increased to 933 females per 1000 males during the 2001 census. The Government has enacted the Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selections) Act, 1994 under which stringent punishments have been prescribed for using pre-conception and pre-natal diagnostic techniques to illegally determine sex of the foetus.
Life Expectancy At Birth
The average global life expectancy at birth reported in the “Human Development Report” 2009 is 67.5 years whereas the average life expectancy at birth for India is 63.4 years.
U.N. Millennium Development Goals
The Millennium Development Goals (MDG)-5 mandates a reduction in the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015. The targets set by India under the Rural Health Mission (2005-2012) are in line with the MDG goals and aim to reduce MMR to less than 100 per one lakh live births by the year 2012. As per the recent survey report released in 2009 by the Registrar General of India, the MMR has declined from 301 per one lakh live births during the period 2001-03 to 254 per one lakh live births during the period 2004-05. The Government has taken several steps to reduce maternal mortality. They included “Janani Suraksh Yojana (JSY)”, a cash benefit scheme to promote institutional delivery with a special focus on pregnant women belonging to below poverty line and scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.
The Government has raised the plan outlay for the health sector to Rs.72,731 crore in the first four years of the 11th Plan (2007-2011) from an actual expenditure of Rs.36,079 crore in the 10th five year plan (2002-03 to 2006-07). The World Bank has committed to extend an assistance of 360 Million US Dollars for RCH-II programme during the period from August 2006 to September 2010.
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