# JNTU MSc (Water and Environmental Science) Syllabus

**Discipline -3**

**M.Sc. (WATER & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE)**

**Mathematics: Marks: 12 Elementary Mathematics: Solution of simultaneous linear Equations – Quadratic equations – Progressions-Sum of n – natural numbers-permutations and combinations, Additions, Subtractions and Multiplications of Matrices – Inverse of matrix. Elements of Differentiation .- Concept of Linear, Differential coefficient Differentiation of Algebraic Trigonometric and Exponential functions only. Second Derivative, Maxima and Minima, Notion of partial Derivative. Elements of Integration, Integration partial Derivative. Elements of Integration – Integration by parts and by substitution. Probability and Statistics, Definitions of Probability, addition theorem, Conditional probability, multiplication theorem’, statistical independence of events. Collection of data classification of data (Mean, median and Mode) measure of dispersion (range, quartile deviation, mean deviation, standard deviation) PHYSICS Marks: 12 Mechanics: Gravitation: Nature of gravity, fields and potentials, Newton’s universal law of gravitation. Earths Gravity field. Fluid Motion: Properties of steady flow, Bernoulli’s equation, Venturimeter, pitot tube, Waves and Oscillations: Simple Harmonic motion, stress strain relations and relation between the elastic module viscous flow viscosity of fluids. Electricity and Magnetism : Current density: Electrical Conductivity and Ohm’s law, EMF, energy dissipation, reciprocity theorem, Kirchoff’s law, superposition principle. Magnetic induction (B) and Field(H) permeability and susceptibility, Relation between B and H and I and H Faraday’s and Lenz’s laws, expression for Induced emf. Earth’s magnetie field-. Nuclear Physics Radioactive decay; Laws of radioactive disintegration, radio active dating. Atrnospheric Science. General circulation, composition and structure of atmosphere. CHEMSITRY Marks: 12 Principles of Analytical Chemistry Titrimatry: Acid base titrations, radox precipitations P**

^{H}, theory of indicators, identification of anions and cations. Gravimetry theory of precipitation. Anaysis of water, Hardness of-water, industrial use of water, Prevention of scales and sludge formation – cases for corrosion, caustic embrittlement; Softening methods of water. Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen demand (BOD), Sources of industrial Pollutants. Physical Chemistry: Phase Rule-Phase Diagrams: Application to water, silver, lead and salt-water systems. Colloids: Distinguishing features – Uses of colloids – stability, coagulation and protection of colloids – Gold number. Emulsions and gels: Donnon membrane equilibrium, origin of charge on colloids – Zetapotential. Contd.. GEOLOGY Marks. 12 Physical Geology Earth as a planet, shape, size and density, Geological Processes, Exogenic and Endogenic, Wealthering (Physical and Chemical) Erosion and denudation, Cycle of erosion, transportation and deposition. agents of erosion, river cycle in different states. Development of typical land forms by river erosion and deposition, V-shaped valley. Water fall, Alluvial form meander, Ox-bow lake-flood plains, Natural levy, Pedi Plain and delta. Petrology And Structural Geology: Igneous, Sedimentary and ‘Metamorphic rocks – Distinguishing features. Rock structure effected-by folds, faults—joints veins fractures uncomfirmities and dykes. ECOLOGY AND PLANT PHYSIOLOGY: Marks. 12 Ecology. Basic concepts of Ecology: Biosphere, Ecosystem, ecotone, Ecotype, Biome and Biomass. Role of soil, water, light, temperature and biotic factors on structure of plant communities. Causes and processes in plant succession. Natural Ecosystems of India Tropical ever green forests, deciduous forests, scrub jungle, Mangrove and pond, vegetations. Plant Physiology. Water relations of plants; (Concepts of water potential) Stimulate movement and transpiration). Chemical fertilizers (NPR) uptake of ions. Photosynthesis: Photochemical reactions (PSI & PSII) Photophosphorylation. Path of Carbon in Photosynthesis (C3, C4 and CAM). Nitrogen metabolism-Biological Nitrogen fixation, Nitrate reduction, Biosynthesis of Amino acids and Proteins synthesis (GOGAT & GS), Physiology of flowering with reference to phytochrome seed, dormancy, and germination..