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JNTU MSc (Bio-Technology) Syllabus


Discipline – 2


The entrance paper consists of two parts. Part A                     will consist of 30 objective type questions from Chemistry and Part B                     will consist of 30 objective type questions from all the following Physics, Mathematics, Botany, Zoology, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Genetics and Microbiology. PART – A CHEMISTRY Co-ordination Chemistry, Organometallic compounds, Metal ions in biological systems, heterocyclic compounds, Amino acids, Carbohydrates, Sterochemistry, Colligative Properties, Chemical Kinetics, Phyto Chemistry, Thermo Dynamics, Electro Chemistry. Chemical  bonding, P-block chemistry, Boran, Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Halogen groups, Compounds of noble gases, Principles of Analytical Chemistry, Bonding in metals, d-block elements, f-block elements, Nuclear chemistry. Organic chemistry: Structure and reactivity, Nomenclature of Organic compounds, Alkanes, Cycloalkanes, Alkenes and Alkadienes, Alkynes. Arenes, Halogen compounds, Hydroxy compounds, Ethers, Aldehydes and Ketones, Carboxylic acids and their derivaties, Organic Synthesis based on Carboions, Nitrogen compounds. Atomic structure,, Ionic Equilibria, Gaseous state, Solutions, Solids, Phase rule, Colloids, Macromolecules. PART-B BOTANY Taxonomy, Brief amount of cytotaxonomy, Elementary account of Ethobotany. Embryology: Micro  and megasporogenesis, Monosporic, Bisporic and tertasporic type, of female gametophyte. Monocot and Dicot embryo development Endosperm and Polyembryony. Physiology: Photosynthesis, Respiration.Algae-. General character, and classification of algae: Structure, reproduction, life history. Fungi: General characters and classification of fungi: Structure, reproduction, life history. General account of lichens, viruses and bacteria, mushroom cultivation, bio-fertilizers, single Cell protein. Bryophytes: General characters and classification of bryophytes. Gymnosperms: General characters and classification of gymnosperms. Tissue culture and its applications. Ecology: Basic concepts of Ecology: Energy flow through Ecosystems and Ecological Pyramids. ZOOLOGY Animal Physiology. Animal Associations: Parasitism, Commensalism, symbiosis. Environments and adoptive features of animals inhabiting pelagic, deepsea, cave, desert Cursorial, Fossorial, Arborial and Volant life. Environmental pollution, Wild life and its conservation. Biology of Invertebrates and Cell Biology: General characters and outline classification of major invertebrate, phyla with examples upto classes. Ultra structure of animal cell. Structure and functions of the following cell organelles: plasma membrane, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi complex, lysosomes, mitochondria, nucleus and its components and ribosomes, Biology of chordates, genetics, evolution & Zoogeography. Contd.. Bio-Chemistry Metobolism of bio molecules, like carbohydrates, amino acids, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids. Basic aspects of nutrition, endocrinology, clinical biochemistry, enzymology, Biological oxidations. Principles, methodology and applications of various biochemical techniques used in biochemistry. Physiological role of vitamins and minerals. BIO-TECHNOLOGY Fundamentals of Bio-technology. DNA, RNA, proteins and other signal molecules – Bio-chemical techniques. methods of cell disruption analysis of fractionation – dialysis,   Centrifugation,       chromatography,     clectro-phorosis,    Respiration     and fermentation. Molecular biology and genetic engineering: Nucleic acids as genetic material structure replication of DNA & RNA. Mutation and damage to DNA – Molecular basis, Gene expression: Transcription & Processing of RNA – Genetic code – Regulation, Plasmids and transposable elements. Outlines of DNA technology – enzymes used in gene cloning, vectors, genomic DNA and CDNA libraries and expression of cloned genes.        Applications: Immune system and their functions. Antibody diversity – vaccines and their production.            Purification antigens and antibodies: Hybridoma technology and Monoclonal antibodies ELISA, RIA synthetics vaccines. Application of Biotechnology: Animal Cell Biotechnology, Plant Biotechnology, Microbial Biotechnology, Environmental Biotechnology. GENETICS Genetic Analysis: Mendelian Principles: Law of segregation- law of Independent Assortment Extension to mendalian segregation patterns: co-dominance, Incomplete dominance, lethals, gene interaction – Epistasis, Multiple Alleles, isoalleles and Pseudoisolleles. Chromosomal basis of inheritance. Chromosomal changes: Inversions duplications. Recombination in bacteria.      Transduction, Transformation. Recombination in viruses, genetics of sex determination and sex linked inheritance. MICROBIOLOGY History of microbiology, principles and working of light and Electron microscopy. General characters of viruses, Bacteria, Fungi Algae and protozoa. Methods of sterilization and disinfection. Antibodies and their functions. Types of Antigen and antibody reactions. Hypersensitivity. Auto-immunity, vaccines. Soil microorganisms and their importance in carbon and nitrogen cycles. Methods in industrial microbiology. Fermentation equipment. Types of fermentation processes. Microbial pathogenisis and properties of pathogenic microbes. Epidemiology and diagnosis of infections. PHYSICS Electrostatics Gauss’s Law and its applications; conductors, capacitance; die-electrics; Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s Laws and applications Magnetic materials and phenomena, study currents. Ohm’s Law, Kircchoff Law, and circuit theorems.  AC through L,C,R circuits and related concepts, resonant circuits; Electronics. diodes, transistors, oscillators, digital electronics, Nuclear fission and fusion, Cyclotron and synchrocyclotron , Cosmic rays. Vectors analysis. Fluid dynamics, laws of thermodynamic and entrophy. Utrasonics, quantum theory of radiation. MATHEMATICS Formation of differential equations-solving of first and second order differential equations. Vector differentiation, Tests of convergence for series, limits and continuity. Mean value theorems. Matrix, Probability and Elements of Statistics