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CBSE Heritage India Quiz Sample Questions on Built Heritage

Heritage Quiz Questions

Question:  Identify the monument to which this painting belongs:-

  • Badami 
  • Ajanta
  • Lepakshi
  • Ellora

Answer: Ajanta caves (Maharsashtra) are known for murals, chaityagrihas and monasteries and are hewn out of volcanic basaltic rock overlooking a narrow stream Waghora. There are 30 caves in Ajanta including an unfinished one representing Buddhist faith.

Question: Which organization declares a site of special cultural or physical significance as a World Heritage Site?

  • Archaeological Survey of India 
  • Ministry of Culture
  • National Museum

Answer: UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and 29 sites are declared as World Heritage Sites in India by UNESCO.

Question: Identify the stone given below and which monument has been constructed from this stone?

  • Marble, Taj Mahal 
  • Redstone, Agra Fort
  • Basalt , Ajanta Caves
  • Khondalite, Sun temple, Konark

Answer: Agra fort (Uttar Pradesh) was constructed by the third Mughal emperor Akbar on the remains of an ancient site known as Badalgarh. The other monument made of red sandstone is Sikandra Fort which is the tomb of Akbar

Question: In which country is the World Heritage Site located where Gautama Buddha was born?

  • India 
  • Sri Lanka
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan

Answer: Lumbini in Nepal is a famous Buddhist pilgrimage site where Queen Mayadevi gave birth to Gautama Buddha. She is depicted in most of the Indian sculptures as holding branch of Shala tree and giving birth to Buddha. Gautama Buddha was the son of KingŚuddhodana and Mayadevi.

Question: In which archaeological site do we find the Dhamek and Dharmarajika stupa?

  • Sanchi 
  • Sarnath
  • Satdhara
  • Amravati

Answer: Sarnath (Uttar Pradesh) is the famous archaeological site where first sermon was given by Buddha in deer park. The site is known for itschaitya, stupas and monasteries and also the Ashoka pillar. 

Question: In which state do we find the fort Aguada?

  • Madhya Pradesh 
  • Goa
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Bihar

Answer: The Aguada Fort was constructed in 1612 by the Portuguese to protect Old Goa against the attacks of the Dutch and Marathasarmies. The fort is divided into two parts-lower fort and upper fort.

Question: Identify the monument given below which is located in Karnataka?

  • Golgumbaz 
  • Juma Masjid
  • Ibrahim Rauza
  • Jami Masjid

Answer: Ibrahim Rauza is in the Bijapur district of Karnataka. It was built by Ibrahim Adil Shah II in 17th century CE and consists of his mosque and tomb in the same compound.

Question: In which ancient monument do we find the work of Pietra Dura?

  • Mehrangarh Fort 
  • Hawa Mahal
  • Taj Mahal
  • Tughlaqabad Fort

Answer: Pietra dura is the technique of inlay work in which high polished semiprecious-stones like lapislazuli, agate, jasper and jade etc. are used to create images and these are cut and then fitted in the walls with glue. Apart from Taj Mahal the work can also be noticed in the tomb of Itmad-ud-Daula which was built by Nur Jahan for her father Mirza Ghiyas Beg.

Question: Given below is the image of a facade of a very important cave. Identify the cave.

  • Kanheri Caves 
  • Bedsa Caves
  • Pitalkhora Caves
  • Lomas Rishi Cave

Answer: Lomas Rishi Cave (Bihar) is located in the Barabar hills which have the earliest rock cut caves of India. These caves were donated to the Ajivika sect and dates back to Mauryan period.

Question: Where is famous shore temple in India located?

  • Andhra Pradesh 
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Karnataka
  • Kerala

Answer: Shore temple is located in the Mahabalipuram or Mammallapuram in Tamil Nadu. It was built by Narasimhavarman II in 8th century CE. The temple is dedicated to both Vishnu and Shiva.